Taking a HECM Reverse Mortgage for a Limited Period
“I am interested in your opinion
of the following plan: Take a HECM reverse mortgage on my
home, which is worth $1,000,000 and will appreciate by 3.5%
per year. I would draw on the HECM for cash to invest or
monthly income, then sell the house after 12 years, repaying
the HECM from the house appreciation”
Your letter points up the potential use of HECM
reverse mortgages for a limited period, though with multiple
possible purposes. You don’t say how old you are so I am
going to assume you are 62, the minimum age to qualify for a
HECM. If you are older, the draw amounts I refer to below
will be understated.
You should also be aware that the amounts you can
draw on a HECM are no greater with a house worth $1 million
than with one worth $679, 650. This is the FHA maximum claim
amount, which caps how much you can draw. It is adjusted
Matching HECMs With Options
I used the HECM calculator on my web site to assess 3 options: drawing cash to invest, drawing a monthly payment for 12 years, and drawing a monthly payment for as long as you reside in the house (a “tenure payment”). The first option is available on both fixed-rate and adjustable-rate HECMs while the other two are available only on adjustables.
In each case,
I chose the HECM that provided the largest draw amounts,
which for the first two options turned out to be an ARM with
an initial rate of 3.350% and an origination fee of $6,000.
For the third option, the HECM providing the largest draw
had an initial rate of 4.525% with a zero origination fee.
These were the best prices quoted by any of the 7 lenders
who deliver their HECM prices to my web site.
Option 1: Increase Investment
Viewing the HECM as a way to increase investment
income, you would draw the maximum cash allowed at closing
($177,000) and the maximum after 12 months ($137,583). To
make this pay over your 12-year horizon, these draws would
have to grow to exceed the $517,055 balance on your HECM
after 12 years. While the interest rate you would pay on the
HECM is only 3.350%, your initial loan balance to which the
rate applies includes an origination fee of $6,000, mortgage
insurance premium of $13,593, and other closing costs
estimated at $2,000. The break-even rate of return on your
investments is 4.3%, so you would have to earn more than
that to come out ahead.
Furthermore, your HECM is adjustable rate. If
market rates increase, the initial rate of 3.350% could rise
as high as 8.350%, which would make the future loan balance
higher than the $517,055 figure cited above, raising the
rate you would need to earn on your investments to cover it.
I don’t recommend using a HECM to fund investments.
Option 2: Draw a Payment For 12
Viewing the HECM as a method of supplementing your
spendable funds, you could draw a monthly payment of $2722
for 12 years. At that point, your payment would stop and you
would owe $533,081 on your HECM, more if interest rates
rise. At 3.5%, your house
appreciation over the 12 years would amount to $511, 069, so
your net worth would be almost the same. Since your monthly
draws will total about $392,000, this option has some
Option 3: Draw a Tenure Payment
As an alternative method of supplementing your
spendable funds, you could draw a monthly tenure payment of
$1,364. While this payment is only half as large, it would
generate a debt of only $298,485, assuming no change in
interest rates. This would be considerably less than the
appreciation expected on your home.
An advantage of the tenure payment is that it
continues until you die or move permanently from your house,
which means that you have an opportunity to change your mind
about terminating the HECM after 12 years. If interest rates
escalate, paying off the HECM will be more burdensome, but
the monthly payment will not change. Monthly payment draws
are not affected by a rise in HECM interest rates that
occurs after a HECM is originated.
The example discussed above illustrates a strategy for using HECMs to convert appreciation in house value into spendable funds for a specified period. The strategy should be particularly attractive to seniors with high-value houses. While they cannot draw more funds than someone with a house value equal to the FHA maximum claim amount, the value growth of their homes is larger, providing greater capacity for repaying the HECM loan balance.